Manuscript type

Research paper : Full-length papers describing the results of original research. Manuscripts should be written to emphasize clearly and concisely the novel aspects of the information reported, and preferably not exceed 15 single-spaced pages of text (including references). Authors are encouraged to restrict figures and tables to essential data, preferably no more than 6 figures and/or tables combined

Short communication : Short research reports which contain material of unique interest but are not sufficient to form the basis of Regular papers. Notes should not exceed 10 single-spaced pages of text (including references) and should not contain more than 3 figures and/or tables. A short abstract of no more than 50 words must be provided. References should be less than 20. Do not use section headings in the text but describe materials and methods, results, and discussion in a single section. The editors reserve the right to decide what constitutes a Note
Technical notes : Short research reports which contain new techniques, useful methods, and technical information for all aspects of practical biotechnology research and applications. The format should be the same as that of Notes.
Reviews : Reviews survey recent developments in a topical area of research and should be sharply focused and balanced accounts for progress in fields of interest to the readers of the journal. Reviews should not generally Reference 25 single-spaced pages of text (including the references). Authorship is normally by invitation, although we are keen to receive proposals for prospective articles from authors. Authors considering submission of a review article must first send a brief synopsis (approximately 500 words), citing key references, to the Journal Office at do not submit the completed manuscripts prior to this consultation). If the proposal is accepted, authors may submit the manuscript.
Letters to the editor : Letters to the editor are confined to discussions of articles that have appeared in IJGSR within the previous three months. Although the format is optional, they are peer-reviewed, and substantially edited by IJGSR editors in consultation with the authors. Letters should not exceed 2 printed pages including figures and tables.

Errata : Erratum provides a means of correcting errors that occurred during the publication process, such as misspelling, mislabeling in a figure, a missed word, and so on. Please contact the ESW Society Office ( before you send Errata.


Style : The whole manuscript (including References, figure legends, and table footnotes) must be typed in English (format MS Word, Times New Roman, Font Size 12) or in Hindi (MS Word, Kurti Dev 010, Font Size 14) and single-spaced. Times New Roman is recommended. Format your documents for A4 size (210 × 297 mm). Number each page at the bottom, beginning with the title page. Manuscript pages should have line numbers. Items should be provided in the following order: Title, Authors name, institution name address, corresponding author email, Abstract, keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, References, Figure legends, Figures, and Tables. Paper/Abstract must be typed in single space of paper A4.


Title and running title : The title of a paper should be a label. Avoid a complete sentence. Serial titles are not accepted. The title should not contain any jargon or nonstandard abbreviations. An opening A, An or The in the title is useless for indexing purpose. Provide a running title of no more than 54 characters including spaces for Regular papers and Reviews.


Authors : The full name, institutional address and the complete mailing address of each author should be given. Place numbers in superscript after the name of each author and the relevant address. An asterisk should follow the name of the corresponding author.


Key words : A list of 5 to 10 key words that will be useful for indexing or searching must be included on the title page. Avoid abbreviations. General terms, such as "activity", "culture", "enzyme" and so on, should not be used unless qualified, e.g., "surface activity", "fed-batch culture", and "enzyme stability". Inappropriate key words may be omitted at the publication stage.


Abstract : An abstract should provide the context or background for the study and state the purpose of the research, scope of the experiments, major findings, and principal conclusions. The abstract should be written in the past tense as a single paragraph not exceeding 250 words.


Introduction : Provide a context or sufficient background information for the study. Do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported. Subheadings should not be used and an exhaustive review of the literature should be avoided.


Materials and Methods : Provide sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be reproduced. Previously published methods should be cited, and truly novel procedures could be described in detail. If a manuscript concerns a commercial product, the manufacturer’s name and their location (city, state, and country) must be indicated in this section.


Results : The results of experiments and representative data should be stated clearly and precisely in the past tense. Do not repeat experimental details previously provided in the Materials and Methods section. Subheadings can be used.


Discussion : Discussion should be restricted to interpretation of the results. Subheadings can be used. When appropriate, you may combine the Results and Discussion section.


Acknowledgments : Acknowledgements should be brief in a single paragraph and should precede the references. Personal acknowledgements precede those of agencies and institution.


References : All listed references must be cited in the text. Arrange the citations in order of their appearance in the text. The following types of references are not valid for listing: unpublished data, manuscripts submitted, meeting abstracts, unpublished, conference presentations (e.g., poster or report), personal communications, letters (irrespective of type) and authors’ replies to letters, company publications, theses, computer software, databases and websites. References to such sources should be made parenthetically in the text. The style and punctuation of the references should confirm to the following..


1. Journal references : Parihar, M. S. and Dubey, A. K. (1995) Lipid peroxidation and ascorbic acid status in respiratory organs of male and female freshwater catfish Heteropneustes fossils exposed to temperature increase. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 11 2c(3), 309-313.


2. Books : Meltzer, P. S., Kallioniemi, A. and Trent, J. M. (2002) Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein, B. and Kinzler, K. W. (eds.). The Genetic Basis of Human Cancer, New York; McGraw-Hill: pp. 93-113.

Dubey, A. K. (2021) Tools and Techniques in Biology” 1st ed., Adhyaya, New Delhi, India.


3. Patents : Aviv, H., Friedman, D., Bar-Ilan, A., Vered, M. (1996) US Patent, US 5496811.


Tables : All the Tables are to be numbered and should be suitably cited in the text at their appropriate description, e.g., Tables 1. Tables must be made using the Microsoft Word table function. Table should be bear a brief title in small letters bold face. Unit of measurement should abbreviate and placed below column headings. Column heading shall be in bold face. It is necessary that all tables have legends, which explain the contents of the table. Table should not be prepared in the landscape format, i. e. tables that are prepared widthwise.


Figures : It is the author's responsibility to provide artwork for all illustrations, both line and halftone. Figures must be restricted to the minimum and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Multipanel figures should be labeled with an upper-case, bold letter (A, B, C). Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. Lettering should be clear and of adequate size to be legible after reduction. Consider the printed page and column proportions when preparing figures. There should be no spelling errors in the artwork in the Figures. All the Figures are to be numbered and should be suitably cited in the text at their appropriate description. All figures must be submitted at their intended publication

Author : Office


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